盖庆恩 讲席副教授

2019-10-28

简介:报告人简介:盖庆恩(1984-),男,现任上海财经大学讲席副教授,系上海交通大学经济学博士、加拿大多伦多大学访问学者、上海市“浦江人才”、上海市“晨光学者”。其主要研究方向为发展经济学,侧重于运用主流经济学方法来分析中国问题,在《经济研究》(6篇)、《管理世界》(4篇)、《经济学(季刊)》(2篇)等权威期刊发表论文十数篇,学术论文曾多次获得上海市哲学社会科学奖,部分学术观点发表在《解放日报》等国内有影响力的报刊。现主持国家自然科学基金、教育部人文社会科学项目、上海市教委科研创新项目、“晨光”计划等国家、省部级项目。此外,还担任《经济研究》、《管理世界》、《经济学(季刊)》等核心期刊的匿名审稿人。

报告题目:Selective Migration and Agriculture Wage Gap: Evidence from China

教授观点:We document in this paper that productivities in the agriculture sector are signi?cantly below those of the non-agricultural sector in China, even after we control for individual fixed effect and selective migration. Our result suggests that there exist significant barriers to migration in China. To estimate the barriers, we develop a dynamic life cycle model of migration decisions, where individuals have different agricultural and non-agricultural abilities and face migration costs during out-migration and return migration. Using the National Fixed Point Survey, a panel dataset that tracks 20,000 households during 2003-2013 in rural China, we structurally estimate the model to quantify the barriers. We control for selection in unobserved abilities by modeling individuals’ sector choice based on their comparative advantage. In addition, we make use of the county-by-county roll-out of the New Rural Pension Scheme as an instrument that only affects the migration costs but not wages to identify the relative contribution of migration barriers to the agricultural productivity gap.

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